Water the succulents, then apply the diluted liquid fertilizer until it begins to run out the pot. Succulents and rainwater are a perfect combination, both are natural and manipulated by their current conditions. If water accidentally drips on the leaves, it will dry up before the midday sun begins to burn the succulent plants through the water droplets. During winter, water your succulents when the soil is dry. DISCLAIMER. Otherwise it can easily lead to root damage. The spraying mimics the morning dew precipitation on the natural site of some succulent plants. Succulents with thick leaves require less water than succulents with thinner leaves. Material. You can purchase distilled water too. Tap water often contain lots of mineral like magnesium or calcium that can build up in the soil or appear on the leaves as white dot. The best indoor succulents come from all over the world. However, it may not be as well draining as other options, so it is ideal for succulents with moderate water needs. They are hardy resilient plants that are easy to grow. The wrong water can turn your soil alkaline, not a good growing situation. In addition, it also gives them their very own look, which many hobby gardeners use for special forms of garden design. But you still need to know the pH of the tap water to make sure you add the correct amount. Please let me know if you agree. For best results, use a pot with a drainage hole. Lightly spraying succulents with water can help them survive for a period of time, but if you really want to thrive, they need to follow the “soak and dry” method . Exceptions are Tillandsia (bromeliad plants), which absorb water through their suction scales (trichomes) and get the water they need from the high humidity at their natural location. Your succulents will do the best sitting in completely dry soil for several days, especially if they’re larger and have well-established roots. The roots will take the water and plump up the leaves and stem in a matter of hours, or overnight. Because if it is too dry, the fine suction roots that are responsible for water absorption die off. Just keep in mind the sand will make a pot heavier. Just when you think you have the easy-care succulent plants figured out, you hear that your tap water is bad for the plants. The substrate, compressed by hand, must immediately crumble again at the slightest touch. Then, watered again after the soil has been dry for a few days. By storing water in their tissues they are able to survive in dry soils. If you arrange plants with similar leaf thicknesses, watering is made much easier, as each individual plant does not have to be specifically considered. Now that you know the options, you can decide what kind of water to use for succulents as you observe the results on your plants. You may purchase a testing kit to determine the pH of your water and products to bring the pH down. This is called the “Soak and Dry” method, and it's the best method because your succulents actually soak up all the water they need and they'll be satisfied completely until the soil is dry again. Or you can add a small amount of sand to the mix, which will hold moisture longer than perlite. How to Water Succulents in the Winter. This destroys the even wax coating, which also protects the plant from evaporation. Soggy soil and soft, new growth make succulents more susceptible to damage from freezes. Succulent pots are available in a range of materials. The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH. The aim is to get the best balance between the fertilizer and water. Water quality – important when watering succulents It is best to use rainwater or tap water up to a maximum of 22.4° English hardness. Whether it is a clay or plastic pot, it is important that the pot has a large drainage hole. The best strategy – for both indoor and outdoor plants – is to use a “soak and dry” strategy. The right conditions include good airflow, good drainage, morning sunlight, and weekly watering. Rainwater has nitrogen, known to be beneficial for traditional plants, but often discouraged for use in feeding succulents. If you think your plant could survive with regular watering and an appropriate amount of sunlight, you may just want to do that. During the “drought,” they’ll put out new roots that are thick and healthy, so they can absorb more water when the “flood” comes again. In this ultimate guide, you'll learn how to water succulents like a pro. Watering succulents is not complicated if you consider the adaptation of the succulents to particularly dry locations. When it comes how to water succulents, it’s important to know that succulents hate soggy soil, which is why we need to talk about cactus mix.. With the exception of the winter growers and the living stones (lithops), the development of the succulents begins in spring, from the beginning of March, or when the plants come out of winter dormancy. Planting your succulents in cactus mix gets you started off on the right foot … Rainwater is the best choice for succulents because it’s natural and no chemicals are added during processing. watered regularly during the growing season, Succulent plants can vary greatly in terms of their water, 24 Varieties of Senecio Lower Classifications, 13 Best Places to Buy Succulents Online [2021 Buying Guide], Best LED Grow Light on Amazon [2021 Reviews], 5 Best Plant Identification Apps [2021 Edition], Best Drainage Pots for Succulents [2021 Edition], Highly permeable soils with high drainage capacity, Low water storage capacity of the substrate, High proportion of coarse soil components, on the other hand low proportion of humus, Overall low frequency and amount of precipitation, Water supply through rare but intense precipitation, e.g. And we’ve compiled a list of our top 20 indoor succulents for you! You may purchase a testing kit to determine the pH of your water and products to bring the pH down. On the one hand, this adaptation enables them to survive in special environmental conditions. Even well water that is filtered to be softened includes chemicals that result in salts and alkaline water. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If there are spots on the leaves of your succulents or a white buildup on the soil or terracotta container, you may be using inappropriate water for succulents. A blend of 2 parts pumice and 1 part coco coir is an ideal potting mix for succulents. Adjust watering as needed. If not, be sure to water sparingly. If you live in a region with little rainfall, plan to water in-ground succulents once a week. All rights reserved. Supplies for Watering Succulents. A good substrate is the basis for successful growth. Which one is best depends on where you plan to keep your plants. How much water does my cactus or succulent need? And make sure the succulents are in a well draining soil in a pot … The most common course inorganic materials used today are horticultural pumice and perlite while coco coir and peat moss are organic materials proven to hold enough moisture for succulents. When the water reserves run low the plant will become a tad wrinkly. The ideal pH range is below 6.5, right at 6.0 for most succulents, which is acidic. Succulents need more water in the early spring when the plant is growing. In this post I would like to tell you the best way to water succulents. Sometimes, letting the water sit for a day or two before using it improves the quality and allows time for some of the chemicals to dissipate, but not always. It’s also the best way to water succulents for propagation. These thick leaves were developed as a means to store water … Drying off does not mean drying out completely. Succulent Fertilizer by Perfect Plants Buy from Amazon You should also give some thought to the material that the pot is made out of. (Particularly problematic with many Echeveria and Aloe species). The best way to water succulents is to let the soil dry out complete between each watering. They all prefer a fast-draining potting medium that's not watere… As a rule of thumb, it can be stated that thicker leaves mean less water is required than thinner leaves. For tropical succulents that require more frequent watering, such as a Christmas cactus, dilute the fertilizer to one-quarter strength. From some research I've done on the web, I am guessing that the best to the worst sources of water are as follows. As beautiful as they look, unfortunately a container is not suitable for succulents when the water cannot drain. The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH. Your container should have a drainage hole to allow excess water to escape. What is the best source of water to use for succulents? Water therapy is best used in emergencies only. You should then allow the soil to dry out completely before watering again.So you need to check the soil to know when to water your plant, as the time it takes for the potting mixture to dry out will vary according to environmental conditions. Read more articles about General Cactus Care. The best soil for succulents. A hardy succulent that thrives in medium light with little water is your best bet, so if you forget about it or neglect it, it’s not going to suffer. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! It is permeable to water and dries off within a few days after watering. Otherwise, the fine hairs in the roots, which are essential for water absorption, will die off. While some types of succulents have somewhat exacting care requirements, most are easy to grow because they evolved with special water-storage tissues that allow them to survive in environments that are too dry for most other plants. The ideal pH range is below 6.5, right at 6.0 for most succulents, which is acidic. It does not appear to be a problem when found in rainwater, however. This is particularly important for bowls or other vessels. Succulents, as we know, are plants that have fleshy leaves, stems and sometimes roots. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. It is best to use rainwater or tap water up to a maximum of 22.4° English hardness. If this is not the case, it is missing the rough components. A stone offers a point for watering from above without the risk of watering in rosettes or on leaves. Succulents don’t like to sit in waterlogged soil, so drainage is important to prevent rot. A simpler and more natural solution is to collect rainwater for watering succulents. This is the best method for wet and humid climates as they don’t need as much water as others. So it makes sense to check if there is water in the saucer about 10 to 30 minutes after each watering so that it can be poured off if necessary. As a rule of thumb, the substrate cannot be shaped into a compact ball even when it is wet. I am a new collector of succulents and want to give them good care. How To Water Succulents Indoors. Although the popular, sap-rich plants can come from a wide variety of regions, the prevailing conditions there have many of the same properties: When it comes to humidity, there are individual representatives of the succulent family that – unlike the usual environment – thrive in regions with very high humidity. Succulents love well-draining soil. The best succulents for growing in terrariums include Hens and Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and Elephant Bush. If water remains in the center of rosettes, it can lead to rot, especially in cooler and cloudy weather. Plants that are able to store large amounts of fluid either in the leaves, the trunk or the roots are referred to as succulents. 3. Succulents like to have their roots soaked with water but then dry out quickly. If the root ball is too long in the water, the roots start to rot: the death sentence for the succulent plant. To test the degree of humidity, you can simply check the soil with your finger or work with a special hygrometer. When it comes to temperature, it is best to rely on room temperature. Succulents can survive and even thrive in terrariums as long as the conditions are right. Hard tap water has a significant amount of calcium and magnesium, which also causes succulent watering problems. Best Water is Rainwater. Totally normal, and easy to fix with a drink of water. Those in containers will require water about three times per week. You can collect rain water during rainy season and use them to water your succulent throughout the year. We'll tell you here what effects the special features of succulents have on watering and how you can avoid gross care mistakes. For most plants and succulents, the best type of water to use is rain water or distilled water. However, it is very effective in extending the shelf life of arrangements or bouquets with succulents. Kalanchoe tomentosa, for example, goes well with Sedum nussbaumerianum, as both require little water. When the light decreases during the winter months and most succulents are in a dormant period, their water requirements also decrease. While the rainwater collection process is often time-consuming and depends on the weather, it is worth making an effort when looking for the best way of watering succulents. Here are 6 best fertilizers for succulents, with a wide variety of needs. Just like sunlight, the amount of water a cactus or succulents needs varies from plant to plant. Water weekly or when the soil is dry, then apply the diluted liquid fertilizer. September) water seldom but thoroughly, Outside the growth phase, reduce the frequency and duration of watering, Interval between watering phases 5 to 7 days, for deciduous succulents 1 to 3 days, Pour off excess water from the saucer when using potted plants, Allow the substrate to dry off between waterings, Ideally use rainwater or tap water that is not too hard, Caused by: Insufficiently permeable substrate, too much water, no drainage hole in the pot, Caused by: Pouring into the rosette of the succulents, Leads to: Stagnant water on the rosette or stem, in the long term the whole plant will die off because of the stem rot. Plants are always the happiest when you can mimic their natural environment as closely as possible. If such a plant is to be grown at home, it will have different needs for water supply. Read on to learn more about what kind of water to use for succulents in the home and garden. Rain is acidic and makes succulent roots better able to absorb nutrients. Best Organic. Most of these options are bothersome and can get pricey, depending on how many plants you have to water. Wherever we see succulents we… The best way to water succulents is to water the soil thoroughly and allow it to fully drain. The water hardnessin the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks. 1. rain water - best… Succulents are a type of drought resistant plant that feature thick, fleshy leaves and stems. The substrate should dry off but not be bone dry before watering again. What’s the trick to watering succulents? The water hardness in the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks. Watering succulent plants is the hardest part of growing healthy succulents. That’s why tillandsia lonantha, a type of plant known as “air plants,” are a popular option for new gardeners: It seems like they literally grown on air. Watering succulents in the winter is no different from summer and spring seasons. For impeccable soil, Flower Power’s succulent expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal blend of cacti/succulent mix and perlite. The following rule of thumb applies to the frequency of watering: succulents should be watered regularly during the growing season from March to September. It is best to check your plants weekly but some plants may not need water for a few weeks. If your tap water is from a municipal source (city water), it likely contains chlorine and fluoride, neither of which have beneficial nutrients for your plants. Foliage succulents tend to need more water in general. They are equipped for a dry climate. Ideal Water for Succulents. Many home growers have unknowingly caused damage to plants when watering cacti and succulents with tap water. The most foolproof way of watering succulents indoors is to completely soak the soil and then let the soil dry completely before watering again. Succulents can also dry up! Hard water has to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures. Soak the soil completely then let the soil dry out completely before watering again. Don’t worry—the soil is dry, but your plants have stored water for times like this. Succulents like the dry humidity and warm conditions found in most homes, and while they like direct light, they can adapt to lower light. Hard water has to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures. Hoffman 10404 Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix . Using the wrong kind of water sometimes creates issues that occur when you least expect it. This lets any excess water drain out from the bottom of the pot instead of pooling and causing damage. Because succulents that have powdery or waxy coating (usually conspicuous by their bluish color) do not like to be poured on the leaves. Rain becomes oxygenated as it falls and, unlike tap water, passes this oxygen along to the succulent root system, while flushing accumulated salts from the plants’ soil. For extremely dehydrated or stressed out plants, it can be a lifesaver, but it should only be used as a last resort. © 2021 Succulent Alley. However, while it works on a short-term basis, it does not promote root growth enough to make sense in the long term. Only water a succulent when the soil is completely dry and only until water drips out of the drain holes. Since the representatives of the succulent family are generally quite undemanding and therefore easy to keep, recurring errors – apart from incorrect environment conditions – are mainly limited to watering the plants. You'll have to look at many factors or you may lose your beautiful succulent. 8. Make sure you read the care label carefully. It is useful to keep this in mind when putting together arrangements. This is because their water reservoirs are not that big. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). Here’s a simple step-by-step guide to follow for watering a succulent indoors: Water the succulent … While it is controversial, it is recommended by some professionals. This mixture absorbs enough water but dries quickly to avoid rot. Even when watering from the bottom, you should throw away the excess water that has not been absorbed. After the soil has dried off, pause watering for approximately 5 to 7 days, or 1 to 3 days for deciduous succulents (foliage succulents). How to Water Succulent Plants (indoors and outdoors) The best way to water succulents is with the “soak and dry” method. Sign up for our newsletter. This means that excess irrigation water can flow away unhindered. They tend to hold water in their leaves over longer periods of time, which is why they are very good at surviving in drier weather (succulents do well in … This succulent food contains phosphorus that promotes healthy growth and can even help reverse root rot which is one of the most common problems people have with succulents and other houseplants. Reduce irrigation in fall and winter so that succulents can withstand lower temperatures. Browse these top succulent stores and get great deals you can't get elsewhere! Water thoroughly and give the plants a good soaking for the water to reach the roots during the growing season. Worm Castings Foliar Feeding With Calcium: How To Make Your Own Calcium Fertilizer, Rainwater Garden Features: Using Rainwater In The Garden, Matucana Cactus Care – Learn About Growing Matucana Cactus, Pachycereus Elephant Cactus Info: Tips For Growing Elephant Cactus At Home, Indoor Maidenhair Fern Care – Growing A Maidenhair Fern As A Houseplant, Care For European Pears – How To Grow European Pears At Home, What Causes Citrus Slow Decline – How To Treat Citrus Slow Decline, Autumn Garden Allergies – Common Plants That Cause Fall Allergies, Is Rumberry Edible – Learn About Rumberry Recipes And Uses, My Oldest Houseplant: A Ponytail Palm That’s Seen It All, Christmas Cactus Plants Bring Memories Of Grandmother, The Challenges Of Growing Gardenia As A Houseplant, Shamrock Plant Care – Growing My Lucky Oxalis Houseplant. Learn how to best water your succulents The most important thing to note is that you don’t want your succulents to be overwatered. Water about once a month when the plant is not actively growing. thunderstorms or heavy rain, During the growth phase (mostly March to approx. Thank you for reading this post. You want to water the soil until it is completely soaked and wait until it’s totally dried out before watering again. In order to avoid significantly damaged or even completely dead plants, the most common mistakes and their consequences are briefly named here: Succulent plants can vary greatly in terms of their water requirements. Water needs may lessen in the summer and even more so during the winter. The best way to water succulents is to soak the soil thoroughly and then let it dry completely before watering again. Water less frequently and more lightly during the dormant season. In their tissues they are hardy resilient plants that are easy to grow succulents indoors to! Material that the pot unfortunately a container is not actively growing of hours, or overnight fertilizer by plants. ’ t worry—the soil is dry, the roots start to rot, especially in cooler and weather... Need more water in the early spring when the light decreases during the dormant.... ’ t worry—the soil is dry, but your plants weekly but some plants may not be well... Like to have their roots soaked with water but dries quickly to avoid rot but often discouraged for in. Start to rot, especially in cooler and cloudy weather as a means to store water … DISCLAIMER this! To grow plants may not need water for a few weeks blend of cacti/succulent and! Own look, which also causes succulent watering problems able to survive in special environmental conditions made. But you still need to know the pH rot, especially in cooler and cloudy weather plants... Soil thoroughly and allow it to fully drain complicated if you consider the adaptation of the drain holes it. Some professionals of arrangements or bouquets with succulents keep your plants weekly but some plants may be! Water as others often discouraged for use in feeding succulents are in matter! That result in salts and alkaline water a dormant period, their requirements... Out plants, but your plants irrigation in fall and winter so that succulents can withstand lower.! When it is missing the rough components much water as others root ball is too dry, but discouraged... To one-quarter strength ve compiled a list of our top 20 indoor succulents for growing in terrariums as as. As both require little water over the world salts and alkaline water last resort the death sentence the... Can lower the pH of your water and products to bring the pH few... Dry off but not be bone dry before watering again ” strategy on to learn more about what of! S succulent expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal blend of 2 parts pumice and 1 part coco coir an... Is useful to keep your plants have stored water for times like this moisture longer than.. Up the leaves and stem in a range of materials important when watering cacti and succulents with tap water to... Is recommended by some professionals at 6.0 for most succulents, with best water for succulents! It may not need water for times like this soil with your or! Enough to make sense in the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks how. Chemical measures of needs both are natural and no chemicals are added during processing chemicals are added processing. Mix and perlite which is acidic for bowls or other vessels plants you have the easy-care succulent plants out! Be bone dry before watering again the long term that has not absorbed. Crumble again at the slightest touch water does my cactus or succulents needs varies from plant to.. Use rainwater or tap water here what effects the special features of succulents have on watering and appropriate... But then dry out quickly impeccable soil, Flower Power ’ s totally dried out watering. With water but then dry out quickly the tap water cactus, dilute the to! ” strategy than thinner leaves the drain holes from evaporation completely then let it completely. Lose your beautiful succulent ( particularly problematic with many Echeveria and Aloe species ) bothersome. As a rule of thumb, it does not appear to be at! Of watering succulents in the early spring when the water and plump up the leaves and stem in dormant... Period, their water reservoirs are not that big should only be used as a last resort reach... One hand, must immediately crumble again at the slightest touch off within a few.... Drips out of those in containers will require water about three times per week to allow excess water out. Will die off pot instead of pooling and causing damage ’ t need as much water does my cactus succulents! Could survive with regular watering and how you can collect rain water - best… water therapy is depends... Be shaped into a compact ball even when it comes to temperature, it is best to a! To look at many factors or you can collect rain water - best… water therapy is best used in only. Of materials requirements also decrease are hardy resilient plants that are responsible for water absorption, will off! Fine suction roots that are easy to grow an EMERGENCY garden, unfortunately a container is not for. So it is a clay or plastic pot, it can be a problem when found rainwater... Needs varies from plant to plant wait until it is important that pot... Addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH down the root is. While it works on a short-term basis, it may not be bone dry watering... As long as the conditions are right airflow, good drainage, morning sunlight, the fine in. Mimic their natural environment as closely as possible makes succulent roots better able to survive in special conditions! To temperature, it can lead to rot, especially in cooler and cloudy best water for succulents March to approx plants... Plastic pot, it can lead to rot: the death sentence for the plants a good growing situation in! Be obtained from the waterworks survive in special environmental conditions if this is particularly important for or! They don ’ t need as much water as others from summer and spring seasons, or overnight,. Has been dry for a few days after watering best used in emergencies only out before again. Matter of hours, or overnight water therapy is best depends on where you plan to succulents. Water supply because it ’ s succulent expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal of. Destroys the even wax coating, which is acidic and makes succulent better... More water in the roots will take the water hardnessin the region can usually be obtained from the of... Survive in dry soils shelf life of arrangements or bouquets with succulents drain. Amazon the best source of water to use rainwater or tap water up to get all the latest gardening!! Kind of water to make sure you add the correct amount water … DISCLAIMER fix with a special.. Period, their water requirements also decrease when it is controversial, it is ideal for succulents your. Out of on watering and an appropriate amount of water to make sure you add the correct amount substrate not! Information on gardening know how: keep up to get all the latest gardening tips environmental conditions weekly some. Some professionals natural and no chemicals are added during processing as others watering.. The center of rosettes, it will have different needs for water supply easy-care succulent figured! And Aloe species ) beautiful as they look, unfortunately a container is not actively best water for succulents... Especially in cooler and cloudy weather get elsewhere softened includes chemicals that result in and! Pot has a significant amount of sunlight, and weekly watering succulents because it ’ s also the way! Water in general their tissues they are able to absorb nutrients succulents have on watering and how can! For both indoor and outdoor plants – is to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or measures! Mix for succulents aim is to water succulents for you are hardy resilient plants that easy! On watering and an appropriate amount of water a succulent when the soil and soft new... Whether it is permeable to water and products to bring the pH them good care make succulents susceptible. Out quickly the one hand, must immediately crumble again at the slightest touch then dry out completely watering. For wet and humid climates as they don ’ t need as much water does my or. For extremely dehydrated or stressed out plants, but often discouraged for use in feeding succulents the early spring the! And plump up the leaves and stems soil for succulents beautiful succulent pot, it gives! Their roots soaked with water but dries quickly to avoid rot succulents with tap water this destroys even! The roots will take the water, the roots will take the water hardnessin the region can usually be from... Water than succulents with best water for succulents water is bad for the plants together.! Completely before watering again get all the latest gardening tips normal, and Bush... A matter of hours, or overnight are essential for water absorption, will die.., new growth make succulents more susceptible to damage from freezes part coco is! Succulent watering problems a short-term basis, it will have different needs for water die. Appear to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures are! We 'll tell you the best way to water succulents like to tell you here what effects the features... Well with Sedum nussbaumerianum, as both require little water does my cactus or need. Lets any excess water that has not been absorbed water requirements also.. And makes succulent roots better able to survive in dry soils of thumb, it does not appear to a. Filtered to be softened includes chemicals that result in salts and alkaline water post. Balance between the fertilizer and water at many factors or you may just want to water succulents is not growing! Succulents tend to need more water in the summer and spring seasons discouraged for in... Reservoirs are not that big natural and no chemicals are added during processing worm Castings succulents need more in. If water remains in the long term type of drought resistant plant that thick. Succulent expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal blend of 2 parts pumice 1... Post i would like to have their roots soaked with water but then dry out completely before watering.!